Cuts and Transitions

Video Editing Task

Cut type What is it? Why use it? In the film or in post?
Cut Going from one shot to another. Changing perspective, advancing the story. Post

 

Cutting On Action Cuts from one shot to another view of it so it is able to match the first shots action. To create a visual bridge so it can distract the viewer from the noticing the cut. Film
Cut Away Cutting from one shot to another then back to the first shot. Eg – Get inside the head of a character. Film
Cross Cut Going back and forth from different locations. Eg – Phone calls.  Can amplify or create tension a sequence (used effectively)                To show whats inside the persons head. Film
Jump Cut Cuts between the same shot. Show the passing of time.                        For montages       Add urgency              Eg – Baseball scene Post
Match Cut Cuts from one shot to a similar shot by either matching the acton or the compositions. It can be verbal. Scene transitions as you are more or less jumping from one place to another. Film
Fade in / Fade out Can dissolve to or from black. Fade in is at the start of a film and Fade outs happen at the end of the film. Post
Dissolve Blending one shot to another or dissolving the same shot. Can be used during a montage or showing the passing of time. Post
Smash Cut  Abrupt transitons. Eg – Waking up from an intense dream or nightmare. Going from an intense scene to a laid back one or quiet to intense. Film
Iris Recently its a stylistic choice. Found within a scene. Draws attention to the subject using this centre space.  Post
Wipe A literal wipe to the next scene. Can be done in different ways. For example, creating the illusion that the camera passing through the ceiling to the ground then it rising up.  Post
Invisible Cut It gives the impression that it is a single take but are somewhat hidden in blackness. Hide the cut in the motion of the cameras movement. Can use an object crossing the frame or when the subject leaves the frame. To completely hide the transition, for example the character walking straight into the camera then the next thing you see is the back of the walking away.  Film
L-Cut Audio based transition when it goes into the next scene. Even when the characters talk to one another. Create a seamless flow, a seamless transition guiding its way through it  Post
J-Cut The audio from the next scene starts before you get to it. You hear what is going on before you see it. Create a seamless flow, a seamless transition guiding its way through it. It can also reveal a new element within a scene. Post

After all of this you can then mix these cut types together to create a certain scene this is called creative combinations. 

 

Find an example of each edit type that isn’t in the video and embed the video or the screenshot in wordpress.

Cross Cut –

Cut Away –

 

 

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